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Clampdown Easing in Kashmir            08/17 09:11

   NEW DELHI (AP) -- Authorities in Indian-administered Kashmir began restoring 
landline phone services on Saturday after a nearly two-week security crackdown 
and news blackout following a decision by India's government to downgrade the 
Muslim-majority region's autonomy.

   Shahid Choudhary, a government administrator in Srinagar, the region's main 
city, said restrictions were being lifted in most areas and government offices 
were open. He also said on Twitter that food and other supplies were available 
"in abundance."

   Police said restrictions on the movement of people were relaxed in several 
parts of the region. "Situation remains peaceful," they said on Twitter.

   Rohit Kansal, another administrator in Srinagar, told reporters that public 
transport buses had started operating in some rural areas in Indian-controlled 
Kashmir. He also said cellphone and internet services had resumed in some 
districts, but news reports said that happened only in the Hindu-dominated 
Jammu region, which was not threatened by anti-India protests.

   Security forces that blanketed the region remained on high alert after 
hundreds of people took to the streets for an anti-India protest following 
Friday prayers in Srinagar.

   The government had imposed the lockdown to avoid a violent reaction to its 
decision on Aug. 5 to downgrade the autonomy of the region. The decision by the 
Hindu nationalist government in New Delhi has raised tensions with Pakistan and 
touched off anger in the Indian-controlled portion of Kashmir.

   There was a deadly exchange of gun and mortar firing between Indian and 
Pakistani forces Saturday across the militarized Line of Control that divides 
Kashmir between the archrivals. Both countries claim the Himalayan region in 
its entirety, and they have fought two of their three wars over Kashmir.

   An Indian soldier was killed by Pakistani forces in Nowshera sector, Col. 
Aman Anand, an Indian army spokesman, said in New Delhi. Earlier in the week, 
Pakistani security forces said firing by India in the region killed three 
Pakistani soldiers and two civilians in separate incidents. Both sides 
frequently exchange gunfire in the region and accuse each other of violating a 
2003 cease-fire accord.

   In Islamabad, Pakistani military spokesman Maj. Gen. Asif Ghafoor said the 
country's armed forces were fully prepared to respond to any Indian aggression.

   The U.N. Security Council met to discuss Kashmir for the first time in 
decades, and Pakistan's U.N. ambassador said the session showed that people in 
the region "may be locked up ... but their voices were heard today." The 
council took no action during the closed meeting, which was called for by China 
and Pakistan.

   President Donald Trump spoke with Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan by 
phone on Friday and conveyed the importance of India and Pakistan reducing 
tensions through dialogue, said White House spokesman Hogan Gidley.

   Khan welcomed the Security Council meeting, saying on Twitter that 
"addressing the suffering of the Kashmiri people and ensuring resolution of the 
dispute is the responsibility of this world body."

   According to Pakistani Foreign Minister Shah Mahmood Qureshi, Trump said he 
would also talk to Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

   Qureshi said the Security Council taking up Kashmir proved that it is an 
international dispute and not an internal matter of India as New Delhi claimed.

   Kansal, the Srinagar administrator, said landline services in 17 of around 
100 telephone exchanges had been made operational in Indian-held Kashmir on 
Saturday. Half of the region's exchanges are expected to be in service by 
Sunday, he said.

   Primary schools will reopen on Monday, and public transport will be restored 
gradually after evaluating the security situation, said B.V.R. Subrahmanyam, a 
senior official with the regional government.

   On Friday, hundreds of demonstrators in Srinagar carried green Islamic flags 
and signs reading "Stop genocide in Kashmir, wake up world." Some threw stones 
and clashed with security forces, which responded with tear gas.

   Modi, who has defended the Kashmir changes as freeing the territory from 
separatism, and his supporters have welcomed the move. One of the revisions 
allows anyone to buy land in Indian-controlled Kashmir, which some Kashmiris 
fear could change the region's culture and demographics. Critics have likened 
it to Israeli settlements in Palestinian territories.

   India and Pakistan have fought two wars over control of Kashmir since they 
won independence from British colonialists in 1947. India accuses Pakistan of 
arming and training insurgents who have been fighting for Kashmir's 
independence from India or its merger with Pakistan since 1989. Pakistan says 
it only provides moral and diplomatic support to rebels.


(KR)

 
 
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